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Java RMI Database Application || RMI Application in Java - Codetextpro

Java RMI - Database Application
We created a sample RMI application where a client invokes a method which displays a GUI window (JavaFX).

In this chapter, we will take an example to see how a client program can retrieve the records of a table in MySQL database residing on the server.
Assume we have a table named student_data in the database details as shown below.

Java RMI Database
Java RMI Database Application
Assume the name of the user is myuser and its password is password.


Creating a Student Class
Create a Student class with setter and getter methods as shown below.

public class Student implements java.io.Serializable {
private int id, percent;
private String name, branch, email;
public int getId() {
return id;
}
public String getName() {
return name;
}
public String getBranch() {
return branch;
}
public int getPercent() {


return percent;
}
public String getEmail() {
return email;
}
public void setID(int id) {
this.id = id;
}
public void setName(String name) {
this.name = name;
}
public void setBranch(String branch) {
this.branch = branch;
}
public void setPercent(int percent) {
this.percent = percent;
}
public void setEmail(String email) {
this.email = email;
}
}



Defining the Remote Interface
Define the remote interface. Here, we are defining a remote interface named Hello with a method named getStudents () in it. This method returns a list which contains the object of the class Student.


import java.rmi.Remote;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import java.util.*;
// Creating Remote interface for our application

public interface Hello extends Remote {

public List<Student> getStudents() throws Exception;
}


Developing the Implementation Class
Create a class and implement the above created interface.

Here we are implementing the getStudents() method of the Remote interface. When you invoke this method, it retrieves the records of a table named student_data. Sets these values to the Student class using its setter methods, adds it to a list object and returns that
list.


import java.sql.*;
import java.util.*;

// Implementing the remote interface
public class ImplExample implements Hello {

// Implementing the interface method
public List<Student> getStudents() throws Exception {
List<Student> list = new ArrayList<Student>();

// JDBC driver name and database URL
String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";
String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/details";

// Database credentials
String USER = "myuser";
String PASS = "password";
Connection conn = null;



Statement stmt = null;

//Register JDBC driver
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");

//Open a connection
System.out.println("Connecting to a selected database...");
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
System.out.println("Connected database successfully...");

//Execute a query
System.out.println("Creating statement...");
stmt = conn.createStatement();
String sql = "SELECT * FROM student_data";
ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);

//Extract data from result set
while(rs.next()) {

// Retrieve by column name
int id = rs.getInt("id");
String name = rs.getString("name");
String branch = rs.getString("branch");
int percent = rs.getInt("percentage");
String email = rs.getString("email");

// Setting the values
Student student = new Student();

student.setID(id);
student.setName(name);
student.setBranch(branch);
student.setPercent(percent);
student.setEmail(email);
list.add(student);
}
rs.close();
return list;
}
}



What is Java RMI used for? 
RMI stands for Remote Method Invocation. It is a mechanism that allows an object residing in one system (JVM) to access/invoke an object running on another JVM. RMI is used to build distributed applications; it provides remote communication between Java programs. 

What is RMI application? 
RMI provides the mechanism by which the server and the client communicate and pass information back and forth. Such an application is sometimes referred to as a distributed object application. Locate remote objects: Applications can use one of two mechanisms to obtain references to remote objects. 

How do I run an RMI application? 
Steps to run this RMI application -
  1. compile all the java files javac *.java. 
  2. Start RMI registry start rmiregistry. 
  3. Run Server file java AddServer. 
  4. Run Client file in another command prompt abd pass local host port number at run time java Client 127.0.0.1. 

What is RMI client? 
The RMI registry is a simple server-side name server that allows remote clients to get a reference to a remote object. It typically is used to locate only the first remote object an RMI client needs to talk to. Then, that first object in turn, provides application-specific support getting references for other objects.



Server Program
An RMI server program should implement the remote interface or extend the implementation class. Here, we should create a remote object and bind it to the RMI registry.

Following is the server program of this application. Here, we will extend the above created class, create a remote object and register it to the RMI registry with the bind name hello.

import java.rmi.registry.Registry;
import java.rmi.registry.LocateRegistry;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import java.rmi.server.UnicastRemoteObject;

public class Server extends ImplExample {
public Server() {}
public static void main(String args[]) {
try {

// Instantiating the implementation class
ImplExample obj = new ImplExample();

// Exporting the object of implementation class (

here we are exporting the remote object to the stub)
Hello stub = (Hello) UnicastRemoteObject.exportObject(obj, 0);

// Binding the remote object (stub) in the registry
Registry registry = LocateRegistry.getRegistry();
registry.bind("Hello", stub);
System.err.println("Server ready");
} catch (Exception e) {
System.err.println("Server exception: " + e.toString());
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}


Client Program
Following is the client program of this application. Here, we are fetching the remote object and invoking the method named getStudents(). It retrieves the records of the table from the list object and displays them.

import java.rmi.registry.LocateRegistry;
import java.rmi.registry.Registry;
import java.util.*;
public class Client {
private Client() {}
public static void main(String[] args)throws Exception {
try {

// Getting the registry
Registry registry = LocateRegistry.getRegistry(null);

// Looking up the registry for the remote object
Hello stub = (Hello) registry.lookup("Hello");

// Calling the remote method using the obtained object
List<Student> list = (List)stub.getStudents();
for (Student s:list)v {

// System.out.println("bc "+s.getBranch());

System.out.println("ID: " + s.getId());
System.out.println("name: " + s.getName());
System.out.println("branch: " + s.getBranch());
System.out.println("percent: " + s.getPercent());
System.out.println("email: " + s.getEmail());
}

System.err.println("Client exception: " + e.toString());
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

// System.out.println(list);
} catch (Exception e) {
System.err.println("Client exception: " + e.toString());
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

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