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What is JDK ? JVM and JRE in Java - CodeTextPro

 What is JVM?
JVM (Java Virtual Machine) is an abstract machine that enables your computer to run a Java program.

When you run the Java program, Java compiler first compiles your Java code to bytecode. Then, the JVM translates bytecode into native machine code (set of instructions that a computer's CPU executes directly).

Java is a platform-independent language. It's because when you write Java code, it's ultimately written for JVM but not your physical machine (computer). Since, JVM executes the Java bytecode which is platform independent, Java is platform-independent.

JVM (Java Virtual Machine)



What is JRE?
JRE (Java Runtime Environment) is a software package that provides Java class libraries, along with Java Virtual Machine (JVM), and other components to run applications written in Java
programming. JRE is the superset of JVM.

JRE (Java Runtime Environment)



If you need to run Java programs, but not develop them, JRE is what you need.



What is JDK?
JDK (Java Development Kit) is a software development kit to develop applications in Java. When you download JDK, JRE is also downloaded, and don't need to download it separately. In addition
to JRE, JDK also contains number of development tools (compilers, JavaDoc, Java Debugger etc).

JDK (Java Development Kit)



Here's the relationship between JVM, JRE, and JDK.

relationship between JVM, JRE, and JDK


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